Bachata is an Afro latino genre of music that originated in the Dominican Republic in the early parts of the 20th century with the African descendants in the country and spread to other parts of Latin America and Mediterranean Europe. It became widely popular in the countryside and the rural neighborhoods of the Dominican Republic.
Its subjects are often romantic; especially prevalent are tales of heartbreak and sadness. In fact, the original term used to name the genre was amargue (“bitterness”, “bitter music”, or “blues music”), until the rather ambiguous (and mood-neutral) term bachata became popular. The form of dance, Bachata, also developed with the music.
The first Dominican bachatas were first recorded immediately after the demise of Trujillo, whose 30-year dictatorship was accompanied by censorship. José Manuel Calderón is credited as having recorded the first bachata singles: (“Borracho de amor” and “Que será de mi (Condena)”) released on 45rpm in 1961. After Trujillo’s death, the floodgates were opened: following Calderon’s historic bachata debut came more recordings by the likes of Rodobaldo Duartes, Rafael Encarnacion, Ramoncito Cabrera El Chivo Sin Ley, Corey Perro, Antonio Gómez Salcero, Luis Segura, Eladio Romero Santos, Ramón Cordero and many more. The 1960s saw the birth of the Dominican music industry and of the bachata music which would dominate it.
While the bachatas being recorded in the 1960s had a distinctly Dominican flavor, they were regarded at the time as a variant of bolero, as the term bachata, which originally referred to an informal rustic party, had not yet come into use. This term was first applied to the music by those seeking to disparage it. The higher echelons of Dominican Society felt that bachata music was an expression of cultural backwardness, and a campaign ensued to brand bachata in this negative light.
Juan Luis Guerra – Bachata Rosa (Live)
By the beginning of the 21st century, Aventura adapted what Juan Luis Guerra had visioned in the early 1990’s and took Bachata to new heights.
Led by lead singer Anthony “Romeo” Santos they revolutionized the genre adding more hip hop and R&B sounds into the genre.
Aventura ….. Solo por un beso
They sold out Madison Square Garden numerous times and released countless top ten hits on the hot Latin chars including two number one hits “Por un segundo” and “Dile al Amor” they took Bachata to a whole new level in the 2000’s. Other big bachata acts in the decade included “Monchy y Alexandra” and “Xtreme“.
By the beginning of the new decade they had split because Henry Santos wanted to go solo leaving them to all do there own thing.
Romeo Santos – La Diabla/Mi Santa ft. Tomatito
Their act inspired a young boy named Prince Royce who in 2010 burst onto the scene in the absence of Aventura with his debut solo album which included hits such as “Stand By Me” and “Corazon sin Cara“. By 2011 Romeo Santos was back with his number one album which included five number one hits on the latin charts and is still pushing the limits of Bachata trying to bring it to the mainstream.
In 2013 Bachata has ruled the Latin charts as Romeo and Prince Royce have been producing number one hits.
Prince Royce Stand by me – HD Studio (OFICIAL) 2012
We ALL are ONE!! We ALL are connected by MUSIC!!!
….. ending with Juan Luis Guerra’s new bachata hit …..
Juan Luis Guerra “Bachata en Fukuoka” HD official Video