MEDICAL CORNER …. “National Eating Disorders Awareness Week”


via: http://visual.ly/women-are-dying-be-thin-are-fashion-industry-and-media-blame#

~~February 28, 2014~~

It’s National Eating Disorders Awareness Week and this amazing infographic is a great resource for raising awareness of how the unrealistic images we see in media and advertising can affect the self-esteem of girls and women. It’s filled with facts such as: “Ten years ago, plus-size models averaged between size 12 and 18. The majority of plus-size models on agency boards today are between size 6 and 14.”

NEDA

Girls are inundated with visions of beauty in ads and other media that are unattainable and often photo-shopped. This awareness week offers an excellent opportunity to talk with the girls in your life about these types of media messages and body image-related issues and we’ve pulled together several resources to help.

For a wonderful guide to help girls understand how the images seen in such advertising are illusionary, we recommend “All Made Up: A Girl’s Guide to Seeing Through Celebrity Hype to Celebrate Real Beauty” for ages 10 to 14 at http://www.amightygirl.com/all-made-up

For books for parents that address body image issues, including the helpful guide “101 Ways to Help Your Daughter Love Her Body,” visit our “Body Image / Self-Esteem” parenting section at http://www.amightygirl.com/parenting/body-image-self-esteem

Full Credit/Source/Article: https://www.facebook.com/amightygirl

Eating disorders are conditions defined by abnormal eating habits that may involve either insufficient or excessive food intake to the detriment of an individual’s physical and mental health. Bulimia nervosa and anorexia nervosa are the most common specific forms of eating disorders.

Other types of eating disorders include binge eating disorder and eating disorder not otherwise specified

Bulimia

Bulimia nervosa, also called bulimia, is a psychological eating disorder that is characterized by episodes of binge eating (consuming a large quantity of food in one sitting) followed by inappropriate methods of weight control, such as vomiting, fasting, enemas, excessive use of laxatives and diuretics, or compulsive exercising.

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~~Symptoms of bulimia may include~~

  • Eating uncontrollably followed by purging
  • Vomiting or abusing laxatives or diuretics in an attempt to lose weight
  • Using the bathroom frequently after meals
  • Excessive exercising
  • Preoccupation with body weight
  • Dental problems
  • Sore throat
  • Depression or mood swings
  • Feeling out of control
  • Swollen glands in neck and face
  • Heartburn, indigestion, bloating
  • Irregular periods
  • Weakness, exhaustion, bloodshot eyes

~~COMPLICATIONS OF BULIMIA MAY INCLUDE~~

  • Erosion of tooth enamel because of repeated exposure to acidic gastric contents
  • Dental cavities
  • Tooth sensitivity to hot or cold food
  • Swelling and soreness in the salivary glands (from repeated vomiting)
  • Stomach ulcers
  • Ruptures of the stomach and esophagus
  • Disruption in the normal bowel release function
  • Dehydration
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Heart attack (in severe cases)
  • Lower libido (sex drive)
  • Higher risk for suicidal behavior

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Anorexia nervosa is a type of eating disorder. People who have anorexia have an intense fear of gaining weight. They severely limit the amount of food they eat and can become dangerously thin.

Anorexia affects both the body and the mind. It may start as dieting, but it gets out of control. You think about food, dieting, and weight all the time. You have a distorted body image. Other people say you are too thin, but when you look in the mirror, you see a fat person.

What are the symptoms?

People who have anorexia often strongly deny that they have a problem. They don’t see or believe that they do. It’s usually up to their loved ones to get help for them. If you are worried about someone, you can look for certain signs.

People who have anorexia:

  • Weigh much less than is healthy or normal.
  • Are very afraid of gaining weight.
  • Refuse to stay at a normal weight.
  • Think they are overweight even when they are very thin.

Their lives become focused on controlling their weight. They may:

  • Obsess about food, weight, and dieting.
  • Strictly limit how much they eat.
  • Exercise a lot, even when they are sick.
  • Vomit or use laxatives or water pills (diuretics) to avoid weight gain.

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Binge eating disorder is a serious condition characterized by uncontrollable eating and resulting weight gain. People with binge eating disorder frequently eat large amounts of food (beyond the point of feeling full) while feeling a loss of control over their eating. Often, these habits are a way of coping with depression, stress, oranxiety. Although the bingeing behavior is similar to what occurs in bulimia nervosa, people with binge eating disorder do not engage in purging by vomiting or using laxatives.

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What Are the Symptoms of Binge Eating Disorder?

Most people overeat from time to time, and many people say they frequently eat more than they should. Eating large amounts of food, however, does not mean that a person has binge eating disorder. People with binge eating disorder have several of the following symptoms weekly for at least 3 months:

  • Frequent episodes of eating what others would consider an abnormally large amount of food
  • Frequent feelings of being unable to control what or how much is being eaten
  • Eating much more rapidly than usual
  • Eating until uncomfortably full
  • Eating large amounts of food, even when not physically hungry
  • Eating alone out of embarrassment at the quantity of food being eaten
  • Feelings of disgust, depression, or guilt after overeating

People who have binge eating disorder also tend to have:

  • Fluctuations in weight
  • Feelings of low self-esteem
  • Loss of sexual desire
  • Frequent dieting

The precise cause of eating disorders is not entirely understood, but there is evidence that it may be linked to other medical conditions and situations. Cultural idealization of thinness and youthfulness have contributed to eating disorders affecting diverse populations.

  Some think that peer pressure and idealized body-types seen in the media are also a significant factor. Some research shows that for certain people there are genetic reasons why they may be prone to developing an eating disorder. 

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People with eating disorders may have a dysfunctional hunger cognitive module which causes various feelings of distress to make them feel hungry.

While proper treatment can be highly effective for many suffering from specific types of eating disorders, the consequences of eating disorders can be severe, including death (whether from direct medical effects of disturbed eating habits or from co-morbid conditions such as suicidal thinking).

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~~RELATED~~

http://www.activeminds.org/our-programming/awareness-campaigns/national-eating-disorders-awareness-week

http://nedawareness.org/

http://www.webmd.com/women/guide/mental-health-bulimia-nervosa?page=2&rdspk=active

http://www.anad.org/get-involved/2014-eating-disorders-awareness-week/

http://www.webmd.com/women/guide/mental-health-binge-eating-disorder

http://bishoptatro.wordpress.com/2014/02/28/eating-disorder-awareness/

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The Reality of Eating Disorders

Published on Apr 30, 2013

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