~~April 28, 2014~~
May 27, 2014, is Holocaust Remembrance Day or Yom HaShoah in Hebrew. It marks the beginning of a week in which people around the world take time to remember everything that the Holocaust has to teach us: the evil that was done and the depths to which humanity can sink, but also the compassion, bravery, and goodness that emerges even in the darkest of times. The greatest gift we can give to all of those touched by it is to remember, to educate the young about this important chapter in human history, and to work towards the end of all genocides.
~~The history of Holocaust Remembrance Day~~
How Israel and the world contended with the challenge of selecting a single date to mark an unspeakable tragedy that happened every day for years.
The Holocaust is marked in Israel on the 27th day of the Jewish month of Nisan. This date was reached after much deliberation.
The Holocaust spanned years, from before the start of World War II in 1939 and through to its end in 1945. As Jews and other victims of Nazi brutality were harassed, tortured and murdered on every single day of the year, it was impossible to single out a single date as the “most appropriate” Holocaust Remembrance Day.
Also, due to the unprecedented nature of the horror – industrialized genocide – the question arose of how to mark the Holocaust on the chosen day.
The following describes how Israel and other nations went about answering this question in the aftermath of this calamity.
The systematic destruction of Jewish life in Europe became widely known before the war’s end, but it was only when the war ended and the death camps were liberated by Allied troops in 1945 that the true dimensions of the calamity became apparent.
In 1947, the Chief Rabbinate of Mandatory Palestine set up a committee to think of possible dates for an annual memorial. This committee thought the date should be related to the annihilation of Warsaw’s Jewish community, which before the war was 500,000 persons strong and the second-largest Jewish community in the world (after New York).
One proposed date was the 8th of Av, because on that date in 1942, the Nazis began sending Warsaw’s Jews to death camps. Another was the date of the Warsaw Ghetto uprising, which began on the eve of Passover in 1943. Both dates were rejected: Av 8 is a day before Tisha B’av, a day of mourning over the destruction of the Temple, and the holiday of Passover was not considered an appropriate time.
In December 1949, the Rabbinate decreed that Holocaust Remembrance Day would be the 10th of Tevet, a day of mourning and fasting commemorating the beginning of the siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar II of Babylonia in the 6th century BCE.
This year, Holocaust remembrance week is April 27–May 4, 2014.
The Museum designated Confronting the Holocaust: American Responses as the theme for the 2014 observance. http://www.ushmm.org/remember/days-of-remembrance
~~Why We Remember The Holocaust~~
~~Uploaded on Apr 21, 2010~~
This video was created by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This video describes the Holocaust, days of remembrance, and why we as nation remember these events. It is intended for both organizers and for general audience.
We ALL are ONE!!