~~October 28, 2014~~
Google has celebrated the 100th birthday of Dr Jonas Salk, the American scientists who developed the first successful polio vaccine, with a doodle on its homepage.
The heart-warming illustration depicts two children holding up a sign reading “Thank you, Dr Salk!” – a tribute to the virologist’s work against a disease whose main victims were children.
Jonas Edward Salk (October 28, 1914 – June 23, 1995) was an American medical researcher and virologist. He discovered and developed the first successful inactivated polio vaccine. He was born in New York City to Jewish parents. Although they had little formal education, his parents were determined to see their children succeed. While attending New York University School of Medicine, Salk stood out from his peers, not just because of his academic prowess, but because he went into medical research instead of becoming a practicing physician.
Until 1957, when the Salk vaccine was introduced, polio was considered the most frightening public health problem of the post-war United States. Annual epidemics were increasingly devastating. The 1952 epidemic was the worst outbreak in the nation’s history. Of nearly 58,000 cases reported that year, 3,145 people died and 21,269 were left with mild to severe disabling paralysis, with most of its victims being children.
The “public reaction was to a plague,” said historian Bill O’Neal. “Citizens of urban areas were to be terrified every summer when this frightful visitor returned.” According to a 2009 PBS documentary, “Apart from the atomic bomb, America’s greatest fear was polio.” As a result, scientists were in a frantic race to find a way to prevent or cure the disease. U.S. president Franklin D. Roosevelt was the world’s most recognized victim of the disease and founded the organization, the March of Dimes Foundation, that would fund the development of a vaccine.
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30th anniversary — “Jonas Salk Day”
On May 6, 1985, President Ronald Reagan proclaimed that day to be “Jonas Salk Day.” His proclamation read, in part:
One of the greatest challenges to mankind always has been eradicating the presence of debilitating disease. Until just thirty years ago poliomyelitis occurred in the United States and throughout the world in epidemic proportions, striking tens of thousands and killing thousands in our own country each year. Dr. Jonas E. Salk changed all that. This year we observe the 30th anniversary of the licensing and manufacturing of the vaccine discovered by this great American. Even before another successful vaccine was discovered, Dr. Salk’s discovery had reduced polio and its effects by 97 percent.
Today, polio is not a familiar disease to younger Americans, and many have difficulty appreciating the magnitude of the disorder that the Salk vaccine virtually wiped from the face of the Earth.
#JonasEdwardSalk #FirstSuccessfulPolioVaccine #Salk100Birthday #VirologistWork
#AmericanResearcherVirologist #MarchOfDimesFoundation #DreadedPlague #SalksLegacy #PioneerPolioVaccine #SalkInstitute
#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #hrexachwordpress
~~Jonas Salk’s Legacy~~
~~Published on Aug 26, 2014~~
On October 28, 2014 we proudly celebrate the 100th birthday of Jonas Salk: pioneer of the polio vaccine, and founder of the Salk Institute.
This video features interviews from: Ron Evans, Peter Salk, Inder Verma, Walter Eckhart, Roger Guillemin, Tony Hunter and Greg Lemke.
We ALL are ONE!!