~~September 23, 2019~~
GRITO DE LARES
Today is a very important day in the history of my country, Puerto Rico. Nevertheless, this is history that isn’t really taught in school. I’ve learned more and researched as a retired adult, a senior citizen.
If only I was younger, if only I had lived during these turbulent times, if only I had participated in these events.
Would the history of my country be different had it been allowed to be a sovereign, independent nation?
I will always wonder!
~151 Años Aniversario de El Grito de Lares~
The Grito de Lares (Cry of Lares) – also referred to as the Lares uprising, the Lares revolt, the Lares rebellion, or the Lares revolution – was the first major revolt against Spanish rule in Puerto Rico.
It began on September 23, 1868, in the town of Lares, for which it is named, and spread rapidly to various revolutionary cells throughout the island.
In the 1860’s, the government of Spain was involved in several conflicts across Latin America. It became involved in a war with Peru and Chile, and had to address slave revolts in Cuba. At the time, Puerto Rico and Cuba also suffered a severe economic crisis, due to increasing tariffs and taxes imposed by the Spanish central government on most import and export goods – the Spanish crown needed these funds badly, to subsidize its troops in the Dominican Republic.
In mid-19th century Puerto Rico, many supporters of independence from Spain, as well as others who did not support independence from Spain, but who simply called for liberal reforms, were jailed or exiled. However, in 1865, the central government in Madrid, finally attempted to appease the growing discontent in all its overseas provinces by setting up a “board of review” to receive complaints from provincial representatives. This board, the Junta Informativa de Reformas de Ultramar (Informative Board on Overseas Reforms) would be formed by representatives of each overseas province, in proportion to their collective population.
Although the revolt failed to achieve its main objective, the Spanish government granted more political autonomy to the island.
The Grito de Lares: The Rebellion of 1868
Frustrated by the lack of political and economic freedom, and enraged by the continuing repression on the island, Puerto Rico’s pro-independence movement staged an armed rebellion in 1868. Known as the Grito de Lares (the “Cry of Lares”), the rebellion broke out on September 23, 1868. It was planned by a group led by Dr. Ramón Emeterio Betances and Segundo Ruiz Belvis, who on January 6, 1868, founded the Comité Revolucionario de Puerto Rico (Revolutionary Committee of Puerto Rico) from their exile in the Dominican Republic. Betances authored several proclamas, or statements, attacking the exploitation of the Puerto Ricans by the Spanish colonial system and called for immediate insurrection. The proclamas soon circulated throughout the island as local dissident groups began organizing. Secret cells of the Revolutionary Committee were established involving members from all sectors of society, including landowners, merchants, professionals, peasants, and slaves.
“As it appears in … full read/full credit” https://www.loc.gov/collections/puerto-rico-books-and-pamphlets/articles-and-essays/nineteenth-century-puerto-rico/rebellion-of-1868/
La Borinqueña is the critically acclaimed and best-selling graphic novel series by writer and creator Edgardo Miranda-Rodriguez.
This Fine Art Edition, conceived and art directed by Edgardo Miranda-Rodriguez, features illustration by Will Rosado and painting by Sophia Canning. The artwork captures an historic moment in Puerto Rico on September 23, 1868, when independence leader Mariana Bracetti lead a revolutionary movement against the Spanish Empire to free the town of Lares, Puerto Rico. She would create what would be the first flag of Puerto Rico and this day would be known for years to come as El Grito de Lares (The Cry of Lares). This exclusive Fine Art Limited Edition celebrates that 150 year anniversary, in a strict worldwide edition of 150.
The artwork also features Lola Rodriguez de Tió, the original author of the national anthem, La Borinqueña alongside Iris Morales, Dr. Marta Moreno Vega and Felícita Mendez all Puerto Ricans from the diaspora who have fought for social justice over the decades.
Flying above them all is the fictional character, La Borinqueña, shining as a beacon of hope for a brighter and stronger Puerto Rico.
La Borinqueña created by Edgardo Miranda-Rodriguez Facebook Page
~~Published on Sep 19, 2015~~
Por qué conmemoramos … El Grito de Lares
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#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexacwordpress