Thursdays …. #ThrowBackThursday … “My young Dad”!!


TBTDad

~~September 17, 2015~~ 

MY YOUNG, DAPPER DAD

This is my father, Jose F. Rexach-Cátala

He was born in the small town of Juncos, on the East coast of Puerto Rico in 1911.

He was the oldest of 11 siblings.

His origins were humble yet he made it and became a productive member of his family of origin and community.

As you can see, he was a dapper, dashing Puerto Rican fellow.

In the early 1930’s, he moved to New York City, like many others like him, in search of a better world and the so famous “American dream”.

He worked at anything that came his way and send funds to his family back home.

His younger brothers became engineers and created The Rexach Construction Company that was well known during the early years of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico.

Most importantly, he married my Mother and started a family of his own.

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~~GRAPHIC SOURCE~~ 

Old family pictures

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#Thursdays #ThrowBackThursday #MyYoungDad #HonoringMyFather #JoseFRexachCatala #Remembering #TodayAndAlways #ProductiveMember #OriginalFamily #Community #DapperDashing #PuertoRicanFellow #GreatMan  #TheRexachConstructionCompany #EarlyYears #CommonwealthOfPuertoRico #Dad #MyHero #MissYou

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexachwordpress

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We ALL are ONE!!

RexYinYang1

To start the day …. “Sergio George’s Salsa Giants ….”Bajo La Tormenta”!!


Sal8

~~September 10, 2015~~ 

“BAJO LA TORMENTA”

Sergio George came out with the Salsa Giants new song “Bajo la Tormenta” which brings a positive and uplifting message along with very danceable Salsa music.

Super producer Sergio George and his collective of living legends, the Salsa Giants, have just released their new single “Bajo La Tormenta” which features Oscar D’Leon, Tito Nieves, Jose Alberto “El Canario,” India, Ismael Miranda, Andy Montañez, Cheo Feliciano and Willy Chirino.

About Sergio George

Over the course of his illustrious career eleven time Grammy® Award Winner Sergio George has established himself as a leading producer in the Latin music genre, with over 200 million album credits as either a producer, pianist or composer.

After having worked with and helped guide the careers of artists like Marc Anthony, Christina Aguilera, Tito Nieves, Victor Manuelle, Tito Puente, Orquesta de La Luz de Japón and Jennifer Lopez to name a few, George is now the CEO of Top Stop Music, a label nurturing the success of future superstars Prince Royce and Leslie Grace.

~~SOURCE~~

http://globenewswire.com/news-release/2014/02/19/611538/10069036/en/Sergio-George-s-Salsa-Giants-Bajo-La-Tormenta-On-Sale-Now.html#sthash.qYRDb6Es.dpuf

~~GRAPHICS SOURCE~~ 

Google Images

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~~GALLERY~~

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~~SOURCES~

http://www.allthelyrics.com/forum/showthread.php?t=150537

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The main message of the new single “Bajo la Tormenta” is to keep a positive attitude under stormy unfavorable circumstances. I think this is very timely as many Latin American countries like Venezuela, Puerto Rico, Mexico, and many others are going through some of the hardest economic times of recent memory.

Along with the positive attitude message of the song, Sergio George adds powerful Salsa music that incites to dance with its catchy swing and lyrics. The 8 Salsa Giants singers do the rest with great singing and “soneos” that reflect the happy and positive theme of this Salsa music hit.

“As it appears in … full read/full credit”

Salsa Giants Release Positive New Song

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As many well know, Puerto Rico is going through rough times economically, politically and socially.

This is a time for great change and change brings questions and doubts about the unknown.

The spirit of the Puerto Rican people is noble, strong, stoic and always present.

It will never be defeated.

“Las cosas están malas …. el que quiere encuentra”

HortyRex©

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~~Bajo la Tormenta~~

Sergio George’s Salsa Giants

~~Published on Apr 15, 2014~~

Music video by Sergio George’s Salsa Giants performing Bajo la Tormenta. (C) 2014 Top Stop Music

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#ToStartTheDay #SergioGeorge #SalsaGiants #BajoLaTormenta #PositiveUpliftingMessage #VeryDanceable #SalsaMusic #OscarDLeon #TitoNieves #JoseAlbertoElCanario #India #IsmaelMiranda #AndyMontañez #CheoFeliciano #WillyChirino #PositiveAttitude #UnderStormyUnfavorableCircumstances #LatinAmericanCountries #Venezuela #PuertoRico #Mexico #HardestEconomicTimes #RecentMemory

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexachwordpress

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We ALL are ONE!! 

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WPBoricua (1)

To start the day …. “Lissette Alvarez: Un Sábado Más”!!


PRGart

~~September 2, 2015~~ 

ON A PUERTO RICO STATE OF MIND

I saw this video yesterday. It brought many memories back. The scenery surely shows many important and very well known places in Puerto Rico.

The singer is Cuban-born Lissette Alvarez who left Cuba with her parents.

They were very well known in the musical industry.

Lissette followed her parents footsteps and is a very well known singer in the Latino community.

She’s still very active in the music scene.

The video is very well done.

The images show the beauty of Puerto Rico, its progress through time, some of the culture and natural resources.

Puerto Rico isn’t what it’s been made to be … a country in the throes of a bad reputation because it doesn’t pay its bills, because it doesn’t know what it wants to be “when it grows up”, because of rampart crime.

No!

Puerto Rico is a beautiful place which has fought,and continues to fight, to keep its identity, culture, customs, governance.

In spite of all the efforts to strip HER of all of this, the Puerto Rican spirit remains.

It will never be squashed!

VIVA PUERTO RICO LIBRE! 

HortyRex©

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~~GALLERY~~

Un sábado más, un sábado más

sobre Puerto Rico, un sábado más …..

ANOTHER SATURDAY OVER PUERTO RICO

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Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, literally the “Free Associated State of Puerto Rico”), is a United States territory located in the northeastern Caribbean.

Puerto Rico is an archipelago that includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands. The capital and largest city isSan Juan. The territory does not observe daylight saving time, and its official languages are Spanish, which is predominant, and English.

Puerto Rico’s rich history, warm tropical climate, diverse natural scenery, renowned traditional cuisine and attractive tax incentives make it a popular destination for tourists, academics, and business visitors. Because of its location in the Caribbean and history of colonization, Puerto Rico’s culture is a melting pot of Taíno, Spanish, African and North American influences.

“As it appears in … full read/full credit”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerto_Rico

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#ToStartTheDay #PuertoRico#LearnBasicFacts #PuertoRico #Island #SunnyBeaches #CommonwealthOfPuerto Rico #EstadoLibreAsociadoDePuertoRico #FreeAssociatedStateOfPuertoRico #UnitedStatesTerritoryColony #UnSabadoMas #AnotherSaturdayOverPuertoRico #LissetteAlvarez #CubanAmericanSinger #PuertoRicoScenery #BeautifulPlace #FightKeepIdentity #Culture #Customs #OwnGovernance #VivaPuertoRicoLibre #Taíno #Spanish #African #NorthAmericanInfluences #Boricua #Wepa #PuertoRicoStateOfMind

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexachwordpress

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~Un Sabado Más by Lissette~

~Published on May 12, 2012~

“Un Sabado Más” song by Lissette Alvarez, her tribute to Puerto Rico, 1969 Song

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We ALL are ONE!! 

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Beethoven’s 5th Synphomy …. “Salsa arrangement … Puerto Rican style”!!


Bet9

~~September 1, 2015~~ 

FAMILIAR TUNE … DIFFERENT TWIST .. STILL SOUNDS GOOD

Sverre Indris Joner (born 19 July 1963) is a Norwegian musician, composer, and arranger. He frequently performs on piano and percussion.

Joner was born in Oslo and was raised in Bergen. He is a graduate of the University of Oslo and the Cervantes Conservatory in Havana, Cuba.

He is particularly known for popularizing Latin American music in Norway.

He has composed music in such styles and has also adapted and arranged many popular European classical music pieces, such as Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart’s “Eine kleine Nachtmusik”, Ludwig van Beethoven’s Fifth Symphony, and Johann Strauss II’s “The Blue Danube”.

Joner’s adaptations often employ elements of salsa music such as son. He often performs these as part of the music groups Hovedøen Social Club and La Descarga. Other groups in which he performs and has founded include Salzumba and Electrocutango.

“As it appears in … full read/full credit” 

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sverre_Indris_Joner

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~~GALLERY~~ 

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BEETHOVEN’S FIFTH SYMPHONY

The Symphony No. 5 in C minor of Ludwig van Beethoven, Op. 67, was written 1804–1808. It is one of the best-known compositions in classical music, and one of the most frequently played symphonies.

First performed in Vienna’s Theater an der Wien in 1808, the work achieved its prodigious reputation soon afterward. E. T. A. Hoffmann described the symphony as “one of the most important works of the time”.

It begins by stating a distinctive four-note “short-short-short-long” motif twice.

“As it appears in … full read/full credit”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symphony_No._5_(Beethoven)

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#Beethovens5thSynphomy #SalsaArrangement  #PuertoRicanStyle #SverreIndrisJoner #NorwegianMusician #Composer #Arranger #PerformsPianoPercussion #UniversityOfOslo #CervantesConservatory #HavanaCuba #LatinAmericanMusic #Norway #SymphonyNo5CMinor #LudwigVanBeethoven #Op67 #QueVivaLaSalsa #PuertoRico

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexachwordpress

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We ALL are ONE!! 

WPBoricua (1)

To start the day …. “Puerto Rico 101 … Learn some basic facts”!!


Hibiscus

~~August 30, 2015~~ 

SIMPLE, BASIC FACTS ABOUT PUERTO RICO

Puerto Rico, officially the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Spanish: Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico, literally the “Free Associated State of Puerto Rico”), is a United States territory located in the northeastern Caribbean. Puerto Rico is an archipelago that includes the main island of Puerto Rico and a number of smaller islands. The capital and largest city is San Juan. The territory does not observe daylight saving time, and its official languages are Spanish, which is predominant, and English.

Puerto Rico’s rich history, warm tropical climate, diverse natural scenery, renowned traditional cuisine and attractive tax incentives (*not anymore*) make it a popular destination for tourists, academics, and business visitors. Because of its location in the Caribbean and history of colonization, Puerto Rico’s culture is a melting pot of Taíno, Spanish, African and North American influences.

Originally populated by the aboriginal Taíno people, the island was claimed in 1493 by Christopher Columbus for the Kingdom of Spain, and it remained a Spanish colony despite invasion attempts by the French, Dutch, and British. During the four centuries of Spanish rule, the island’s culture and physical landscape were transformed. European knowledge, customs and traditions were introduced, especially Roman Catholicism, theSpanish language, and advances such as agriculture, construction in stone, and the printing press. In 1898, Spain ceded the island to United States under the terms of the Treaty of Paris.

Puerto Ricans are natural-born citizens of the United States.

The current population is about 3.6 million people. The territory operates under a local constitution, and its citizens elect a governor. Puerto Rico lacks voting in the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate, both of whom have plenary jurisdiction over it under the Puerto Rico Federal Relations Act of 1950.

A 2012 referendum showed a majority (54% of the electorate) disagreed with “the present form of territorial status,” with full statehood as the preferred option among those who voted for a change of status. Following this vote, the Legislative Assembly of Puerto Rico enacted a concurrent resolution to request the President and the Congress of the United States to end the current status and to begin the process to admit Puerto Rico to the Union as a State. 

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(This has been totally shelved by “the powers that be” and Puerto Rico remains in a “limbo state”, not having an identity of its own. It’s not up to Puerto Ricans to decide to become a state. All the authority regarding this change resides in the hands of the US Congress.)

HortyRex©

As of 2015, Puerto Rico remains an unincorporated U.S. territory.

“As it appears in … full read/full credit”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Puerto_Rico

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~~GALLERY~~

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As I mentioned, these are the basic facts.

Puerto Rico 101 …. today’s reality has changed.

The economy is shot, emigration is rampart, unemployment is off the charts, the cost of living is high for the locals, taxes have been imposed by the mainland debts have accumulated. The current situation seems dire.

Yet the Puerto Rican spirit remains. If you live away from the Island, the spirit and pride of being Puerto Rican never leave your soul.

Please, watch the following YouTube videos to learn more. Thank you.

HortyRex©

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~What Americans Get Wrong About Puerto Rico~

~Published on Jul 13, 2015~

Subscribe! http://skr.cm/SubscribeToSeeker

Puerto Rico’s relationship with the United States is a complicated one, which means Americans often get Puerto Rico all wrong.

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~What Life Is Really Like In Puerto Rico~

~Published on Jul 11, 2015~

Puerto Rico, an island of sunny beaches and tanned locals but in reality, day to day life is much tougher.

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#ToStartTheDay #PuertoRico101 #LearnBasicFacts #PuertoRico #Island #SunnyBeaches #CommonwealthOfPuerto Rico #EstadoLibreAsociadoDePuertoRico #FreeAssociatedStateOfPuertoRico #UnitedStatesTerritoryColony #NaturaBornUSCitizens #LimboState #USCongress #ComplicatedRelationship #DailyLifeIsTough

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexachwordpress

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We ALL are ONE!!

WPBoricua (1)

At the end of the day …. “THE GRANDFATHER OF THE GENRE …. Urban Music”!!


Ab1

~~August 29, 2015~~ 

THE GRANDFATHER OF THE GENRE

VIDEO AZUL BLANCA Y COLORÁ 

(Blue, white and red)

El Abuelo del Genero es un personaje musical interpretado por el comediante y cantautor Melvin Vazquez.

The Grandfather of the Genre is a musical character interpreted by comedian, composer and singer Melvin Vazquez. He comes to us from Puerto Rico.

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El Abuelo llega desde la isla del encanto Puerto Rico y tiene como objetivo llevar la diferencia mediante su inigualable estilo jocoso a todos los latinos del mundo. Su primer tema musical El Cha Cu Cu Cha se gano el respeto y la aceptación de miles de sus seguidores los cuales en su primera semana de estreno alcanzo los 50,000 views en YouTube.

El Abuelo nace el 7 de Junio del 1937 en Cidra P.R. y es producto de una familia humilde y trabajadora. Desde pequeño el Abuelo creció con gran pasión por la música y la comedia y desde entonces ha perseguido su gran sueño: llevarle alegría musical a generaciones futuras.

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~~GALLERY~~

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Atraído por la música urbana, El Abuelo comienza a estudiar más a fondo los origenes y costumbres de esa cultura dedicándose a la composición e interpretación de temas musicales con estilos jocoso y sociales buscando llamar la atención de los oyentes.

Actualmente el Abuelo del Género es respaldado por miles de seguidores a nivel nacional e internacional.

También cuenta con un espectáculo en vivo muy variado cuyo estilo hará mover a una audiencia que buscan la diferencia con excelencia.

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~VIDEO AZUL BLANCA Y COLORÁ~

~Published on Aug 4, 2015~

Colorful, rhythmic and typical video.

A tribute to the Puerto Rican flag … blue white and red .. as well as local customs, events and the culture which define Puerto Rico and its people.

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#AtTheEndOfTheDay #GrandfatherOfGenre #AbueloDelGenero #UrbanMusic #BlueWhiteRed #AzulBlancaColora #PuertoRicanFlag #ISlaDelEncanto #Comediante #Cantautor #MelvinVazquez #Wepa #LocalCustoms #Events #Culture #DefinePuertoRico #ItsPeople #Funny #Jovial #Society #SocialPatterns #MusicalCharacter #Comedian

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexachwordpress

~~RELATED LINKS~~

https://www.facebook.com/elabuelodelgenero.mv

https://plus.google.com/+AttentionboricuasOrgPR/posts/ApPoaBbLqDp

http://attentionboricuas.org/el-abuelo-del-genero-video-azul-blanca-y-colora-de-puerto-rico/

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We ALL are ONE!! 

Ab3RexYinYang1

Roberto Clemente Walker …. “Remembering a Puerto Rican MBL Giant”!!


RobCol

~~August 18, 2015~~ 

REMEMBERING ROBERTO CLEMENTE

~he would have been 81 years old today~

Baseball Hall of Famer Roberto Clemente became the first Latin American player to collect 3,000 career hits before his death in a plane crash.

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~SYNOPSIS~

Born Roberto Enrique Clemente Walker on August 18, 1934, Clemente played with the Brooklyn Dodgers‘ minor league team before making his major league debut with the Pittsburgh Pirates in 1955. He led the National League in batting four times during the 1960s, and starred in the 1971 World Series.

He died in a plane crash to deliver goods to Nicaragua in 1972.

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~~GALLERY~~

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~BASEBALL CAREER~

Baseball player Roberto Clemente was born on August 18, 1934, in Carolina, Puerto Rico. The son of a sugarcane worker, Roberto Clemente began his professional baseball career just after finishing high school.

He signed a deal with the Brooklyn Dodgers and played with their minor league team, the Montreal Royals, for a season. The next year he went to play for the Pittsburgh Pirates and made his major league debut in 1955.

As the decade progressed, Clemente established himself as one of the top all-around players in baseball. He won three more batting titles, and twice led the league in hits. Furthermore, he boasted one of the most fearsome arms ever witnessed in the sport, consistently unleashing powerful throws from his post in right field. He enjoyed perhaps his finest season in 1966, batting .317 with a career-best 29 homers and 119 RBIs to win the NL Most Valuable Player Award.

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~REPUTATION AND DEATH~

Off the field, Clemente was described as a quiet gentleman.

He was proud of his Puerto Rican heritage and stood up for minority rights. Clemente married Vera Zabala in 1963, and they had three sons.

Renowned for his humanitarian work, he died in a plane crash on December 31, 1972, en route to bringing much needed supplies to survivors of an earthquake in Nicaragua. The next year he was elected to the National Baseball Hall of Fame.

He became the first Latino inducted into the Hall.

“As it appears in …. full read/full credit”

http://www.biography.com/people/roberto-clemente-9250805#baseball-career

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~~Roberto Clemente~~

Mini Biography

~~Published on Jul 8, 2013~~

Watch a short biography video of baseball player

Roberto Clemente.
Learn more about Roberto Clemente: http://bit.ly/14Ef1cN

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RC21

Facts you might not have known

Why did Roberto Clemente wear the number 21?

He chose the number 21 because it is the number of letters in his full name.

(Roberto Clemente Walker)

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#RobertoClementeWalker #RememberingPuertoRicanMBLGiant #Number21 #PittsburghPirates #BaseballHallOfFamer #FirstLatinAmericanPlayer #3000Hits #MostValuablePlayerAward #VeraZabala #ThreeSons #FirstLatinoInductedHallOfFame

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexachwordpress

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We ALL are ONE!! 

RexYinYang2

At the end of the day …. “Puerto Rico …. Preciosa”!!


PRPrec

~~August 9, 2015~~ 

“NO IMPORTA EL TIRANO TE TRATE CON NEGRA MALDAD”

Preciosa” (“Precious”)

is a 1937 patriotic composition by Puerto Rican composer Rafael Hernández Marín.

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~HISTORY~

In 1937, Hernández Marin wrote “Preciosa“, while in Mexico. Years later, in 1947, he returned to Puerto Rico and became orchestra director at the government-owned WIPR Radio.

His music became an important part of Puerto Rican culture.

Hernandez formed Cuarteto Victoria (Victoria Quartet) with Pedro Ortiz Dávila, Rafael Rodríguez, and Franciso López Cruz with whom he recorded the song. A Puerto Rican group led by Manuel A. Jiménez (“Canario”) recorded Hernández’s Preciosa, which, together with Lamento Borincano became unofficial national anthems of Puerto Rico.

~THEME~

Preciosa expressed feelings of love and nostalgia for Puerto Rico but also the discontent regarding the poor economy prevalent on the island at the time. The work was an idealistic view of the people of Puerto Rico in terms of traits of Hispanic and Indian traditions but missing the African dimension.

The song made reference to a tyrant who ruled Puerto Rico and it became a favorite song of autonomist patriotism.

“As it appears in … full read/total credit”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Preciosa_(song)

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~~GALLERY~~ 

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MARC ANTHONY’S RENDITION

Marco Antonio Muñiz (born September 16, 1968, better known by his stage name Marc Anthony, is an American actor, singer, record producer, and television producer. Anthony is also the top selling tropical salsa artist of all time. The two-time Grammy and five-time Latin Grammy winner has sold more than 12 million albums worldwide.

He is best known for his Latin salsa numbers and ballads. Anthony has won numerous awards and his achievements have been honored through various recognitions. He was the recipient of the 2009 Congressional Hispanic Caucus Institute (CHCI) Chair’s Award. He also received the “2009 CHCI Chair’s Lifetime Achievement Award” on September 16, 2009.

“As it appears in .. full read/full credit”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marc_Anthony

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As noted, this song was written in 1937. During this time, the Island was going through tough political times. There was the sense that Puerto Rico was ruled by a “distant tyrant” who made its present markedly felt in daily island life.

The lyrics speak about the island’s enchantments, its culture, its people, its pride, its stolen identity.

It’s ironic to note that this song applies perfectly to the current economical and political situation that Puerto Rico is experiencing.

The “tyrant” long spoken about is still there. As a matter of fact, it never left.

History repeats itself.

As I listened to this song and watched the awesome video today, I experienced the “chill factor”.

I had goosebumps as I felt my pride swell and my heart beat faster.

I am Puerto Rican and I will always be, no matter where I live.

HortyRex©

RedL

~Preciosa … Marc Anthony~

~Uploaded on Jan 10, 2009~

Marc Anthony interpreta Preciosa

Sylvette Rivera

OFFICIAL WEBSITE

http://www.sylvetterivera.com/

RedL

#AtTheEndOfTheDay #Preciosa #PuertoRico #MarcAnthony #1937 #PatrioticComposition #PuertoRicanComposer #RafaelHernándezMarín #FeelingsLoveNostalgia #Discontent #PoorEconomy #IdealisticView #Hispanic #Indian #Traditions #AfricanDimension #RulingTyrant #FavoriteSong #AutonomistPatriotism #SylvetteRivera

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexachwordpress

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We ALL are ONE!! 

WPBoricua (1)

Thoughts for today, #206 …. “Sounds familiar? Wonder where I’ve heard this before?”!!


NAEurpoe

~~July 23, 2015~~ 

EUROPEAN COLONIZATION OF THE AMERICAS

~being facetious~

What follows are historical facts that occurred when the New World was “colonized” by the Europeans.

This seems to be happening again.

The meme was right on target then and seems to be right on target now … as per someone who is spreading this information in actual time.

You know who I mean.

HortyRex©

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Until the coming of the Europeans, the New World was free of smallpox, typhus, cholera, and measles. When Cortez came to invade Mexico, he had with him a silent ally more potent than his small Spanish army. That insidious ally was infectious disease, to which Aztecs and other Native Americans had no immunity.

European colonization of the Americas began as early as the 10th century, when Norse sailors explored and settled limited areas on the shores of present-day Greenland and Canada. According to Norse folklore, violent conflicts with the indigenous population ultimately made the Norse abandon those settlements.

Extensive European colonization began in 1492, when a Spanish expedition headed by Genoese Christopher Columbus sailed west to find a new trade route to the Far East but inadvertently found the Americas. European conquest, large-scale exploration, colonization and industrial development soon followed. Columbus’s first two voyages (1492–93) reached the Bahamas and various Caribbean islands, including Hispaniola, Puerto Rico and Cuba.

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~~GRAPHIC SOURCE~~ 

Bing Images

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The arrival of Europeans ushered in what is termed the Columbian Exchange.

During this period European settlers brought many different technologies and lifestyles with them; arguably the most harmful effect of this exchange was the arrival and spread of disease.

Native Americans, due to the lack of prior contact with Europeans, had not previously been exposed to the diseases that were prevalent on the distant continent. Therefore, they had not built up internal immunity to the diseases or formed any medicines to combat them. Europeans came into the New World bearing various diseases. Those infected with diseases either possessed them in a dormant state or were not quarantined in such a way that distanced them enough from Native Americans not to spread the diseases, allowing them to spread into epidemics.

The diseases brought by Europeans are not easily tracked, since there were numerous outbreaks and all were not equally recorded. The most notable disease brought by Europeans was smallpox.

“As it appears in …. full read/full credit”

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Native_American_disease_and_epidemics

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#ThoughtsForToday #206 #SoundsFamiliar #HeardItBefore #Europeans #ColonizingAmericas #Killers #Rapists #Diseases #HortyRex© #BeingFacetious #Smallpox #Typhus #Cholera #Measles #InfectiousDiseases #Aztecs #NativeAmericans  #NoImmunity #Epidemics #ChristopherColumbus #Cortez #ColumbianExchange #Bahamas #CaribbeanIslands #Hispaniola #PuertoRico #Cuba

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #hrexachwordpress

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We ALL are ONE!! 

SkullPRexYinYang2

Taíno Indian Culture …. “Indigenous Inhabitants of Puerto Rico”!!


PRTrib12

~~July 21, 2015~~ 

TAINO INDIAN CULTURE

Taíno Indians, a subgroup of the Arawakan Indians (a group of American Indians in northeastern South America), inhabited the Greater Antilles (comprising Cuba, Jamaica, Hispaniola [Haiti and the Dominican Republic], and Puerto Rico) in the Caribbean Sea at the time when Christopher Columbus’ arrived to the New World.

The Taíno culture impressed both the Spanish (who observed it) and modern sociologists. The Arawakan achievements included construction of ceremonial ball parks whose boundaries were marked by upright stone dolmens, development of a universal language, and creation of a complicated religious cosmology.

There was a hierarchy of deities who inhabited the sky; Yocahu was the supreme Creator. Another god, Jurakán, was perpetually angry and ruled the power of the hurricane. Other mythological figures were the gods Zemi and Maboya. The zemis, a god of both sexes, were represented by icons in the form of human and animal figures, and collars made of wood, stone, bones, and human remains.

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Taíno Indians believed that being in the good graces of their zemis protected them from disease, hurricanes, or disaster in war. They therefore served cassava (manioc) bread as well as beverages and tobacco to their zemis as propitiatory offerings. Maboyas, on the other hand, was a nocturnal deity who destroyed the crops and was feared by all the natives, to the extent that elaborate sacrifices were offered to placate him.

Myths and traditions were perpetuated through ceremonial dances (areytos), drumbeats, oral traditions, and a ceremonial ball game played between opposing teams (of 10 to 30 players per team) with a rubber ball; winning this game was thought to bring a good harvest and strong, healthy children.

The Taíno Indians lived in theocratic kingdoms and had a hierarchically arranged chiefs or caciques. The Taínos were divided in three social classes: the naborias (work class), the nitaínos or sub-chiefs and noblemen which includes the bohiques or priests and medicine men and the caciques or chiefs, each village or yucayeque had one.

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~~GALLERY~~

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Their complexion were bronze-colored, average stature, dark, flowing, coarse hair, and large and slightly oblique dark eyes. Men generally went naked or wore a breech cloth, called nagua, single women walked around naked and married women an apron to over their genitals, made of cotton or palm fibers. The length of which was a sign of rank. Both sexes painted themselves on special occasions; they wore earrings, nose rings, and necklaces, which were sometimes made of gold. Taíno crafts were few; some pottery and baskets were made, and stone, marble and wood were worked skillfully.

At their arrival the Spaniards expected the Taíno Indians to acknowledge the sovereignty of the king of Spain by payment of gold tribute, to work and supply provisions of food and to observe Christian ways. The Taínos rebelled most notably in 1511, when several caciques (Indian leaders) conspired to oust the Spaniards.

They were joined in this uprising by their traditional enemies, the Caribs. Their weapons, however, were no match against Spanish horses and firearms and the revolt was soon ended brutally by the Spanish forces of Governor Juan Ponce de León.

“As it appears in … full read/full credit”

http://www.topuertorico.org/reference/taino.shtml

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~~THE LOST TRIBE OF EPHRAIM~~

~~Published on Dec 26, 2013~~

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