~~November 21, 2018~~
PUERTO RICAN WOMEN
I’m a proud Boricua woman
My heritage comes from Taíno, Spanish and African roots.
All of which I’m very proud of.
Many came before me … and in 1950, I was born!
The recorded history of women in Puerto Rico can trace its roots back to the era of the Taíno, the indigenous people of the Caribbean, who inhabited the island that they called “Borikén” before the arrival of Spaniards. During the Spanish colonization the cultures and customs of the Taíno, Spanish, African and women from non-Hispanic European countries blended into what became the culture and customs of Puerto Rico.
In the early part of the 19th Century the women in Puerto Rico were Spanish subjects and had little individual rights. Those who belonged to the upper class of the Spanish ruling society had better educational opportunities then those who did not. However, there were many women who were already active participants in the labor movement and in the agricultural economy of the island.
After Puerto Rico was ceded to the United States in 1898 as a result of the Spanish–American War, women once again played an integral role in Puerto Rican society by contributing to the establishment of the University of Puerto Rico, women’s suffrage, women’s rights, civil rights, and to the military of the United States.
During the period of industrialization of the 1950’s, many women in Puerto Rico found employment in the needle industry, working as seamstresses in garment factories. Many Puerto Rican families also migrated to the United States in the 1950’s.
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