A Puerto Rican Moment …. “It Happens …. My ancestry, my heritage, my blood …. Taína …. “!!


taina

~~October 3, 2016~~ 

TAINA

My ancestry, my heritage, my blood

By Robert M. Poole
SMITHSONIAN MAGAZINE

If you have ever paddled a canoe, napped in a hammock, savored a barbecue, smoked tobacco or tracked a hurricane across Cuba, you have paid tribute to the Taíno, the Indians who invented those words long before they welcomed Christopher Columbus to the New World in 1492.

Their world, which had its origins among the Arawak tribes of the Orinoco Delta, gradually spread from Venezuela across the Antilles in waves of voyaging and settlement begun around 400 B.C. Mingling with people already established in the Caribbean, they developed self-sufficient communities on the island of Hispaniola, in what is now Haiti and the Dominican Republic; in Jamaica and eastern Cuba; in Puerto Rico, the Virgin Islands and the Bahamas.

They cultivated yuca, sweet potatoes, maize, beans and other crops as their culture flourished, reaching its peak by the time of European contact.

Some scholars estimate the Taíno population may have reached more than three million on Hispaniola alone as the 15th century drew to a close, with smaller settlements elsewhere in the Caribbean. Whatever the number, the Taíno towns described by Spanish chroniclers were densely settled, well organized and widely dispersed.

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“Very few Indians were left after 50 years,” said Ricardo Alegría, a Puerto Rican historian and anthropologist I interviewed before his death in July 2011. He had combed through Spanish archives to track the eclipse of the Taíno.

“Their culture was interrupted by disease, marriage with Spanish and Africans, and so forth, but the main reason the Indians were exterminated as a group was sickness,” he told me.

He ran through the figures from his native island:

“By 1519, a third of the aboriginal population had died because of smallpox. You find documents very soon after that, in the 1530’s, in which the question came from Spain to the governor. ‘How many Indians are there? Who are the chiefs?’

The answer was none. They are gone.

Alegría paused before adding: “Some remained probably … but it was not that many.”

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“As it appears in … full read/full credit”

http://www.smithsonianmag.com/people-places/what-became-of-the-taino-73824867/?no-ist

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~~GRAPHIC SOURCE~~ 

Puerto Rican Pride

https://www.facebook.com/puertoricanpridestore/?fref=ts

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#PuertoRicanMoment #ItHappens #Boricua #PuertoRican #AlwaysBoricua #PuertoRicanPride #ProudPuertoRican #PuertoRicanFlag #AwesomeGraphic #ILovePuertoRico #ItHappens #MyAncestry #MyHeritage #MyBlood #TainaWoman #TainoIndians #RobertMPoole #SmithsonianMagazine #RicardoAlegria #PuertoRicanHistorian #Anthropologist #ArawakTribes #TheyAreGone #Smallpox

#WeAlllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexachwordpress

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We ALL are ONE!! 

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Jo Ellen Darcy’s Petition …. “Stop the Dakota Access Pipeline” …. !!


jo

~~September 8, 2016~~ 

NATIVE AMERICAN YOUTH

I’m 13 years-old and as an enrolled member of the Standing Rock Sioux Tribe, I’ve lived my whole life by the Missouri River. It runs by my home in Fort Yates North Dakota and my great grandparents original home was along the Missouri River in Cannon Ball. The river is a crucial part of our lives here on the Standing Rock Reservation.

But now a private oil company wants to build a pipeline that would cross the Missouri River less than a mile away from the Standing Rock Reservation and if we don’t stop it, it will poison our river and threaten the health of my community when it leaks.

In Dakota/Lakota we say “mni Wiconi.” Water is life.

Native American people know that water is the first medicine not just for us, but for all human beings living on this earth.

“As it appears in … full read/full credit”

https://www.change.org/p/jo-ellen-darcy-stop-the-dakota-access-pipeline

GoldSwirl

~~GRAPHICS SOURCE~~

Google Images

Marty Two Bulls

We Are 1 Voice

Chameleon Horse Art and Design

I do not own these images.

No intention of taking credit.

If anyone knows the owner of any, please advise and it will be corrected immediately.

HortyRex©

GoldSwirl

~~GALLERY~~ 

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GoldSwirl

#JoEllenDarcy #Petition #StandingRockYouth #StopDakota Access Pipeline #AmericanIndians #ProtestPipelineProject #NoDAPL #HonorTheEarth #BlockOilPipelineConstruction #WeAreProtectors #NotProtestors #ThisIsNotYourLand #WeAre1Voice #SacredLand #ChameleonHorseArtAndDesign #WaterIsLife #EnergyTransferPartners #DakotaAccessPipeline #RockSiouxTribe #StandingRockSiouxChairman #PeacefulDemonstration #RejectPipieline #Dakotas #IndigenousActivists #RezpectOurWater #Dakota #Lakota #MniWiconi #WaterIsLife

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #HortyRex #hrexach

GoldSwirl

~~Rezpect Our Water: Sign our petition~~

~~Published on Apr 27, 2016~~

We, the Standing Rock Youth, oppose the construction of the Dakota Access Pipeline through the Missouri and Cannon Ball River because it poses a serious threat to our water and our land. This campaign echoes our belief that together, we can protect our water and our future.

Join our mission for clean safe water by signing our petition urging the Army Corps of Engineer NOT to sign off on a construction permit for the Dakota Access Pipeline. With YOUR help we can work to maintain and protect this sacred land.

SIGN OUR PETITION: http://www.change.org/RezpectOurWater
Spread the word: @rezpectourwater

GoldSwirlwicGoldSwirl

We ALL are ONE!! 

ItIsTru2

Why does being legally married matter so much to the LGBT community?


Ask

~~February 10, 2015~~

I have been in a very committed relationship for 19 years now.

We both met while in college and when we were still very young and inexperienced. Life happened and we were separated for 24 years.

We reconnected in 1996 and have been together since. There was never any doubt about where we wanted to be once we reconnected.

It was where we wanted to be when life happened.

Life stops for no one.

Therefore we are not getting any younger. The wear and tear of our years are catching up and our bodies are telling us so. The things that concerned us when young have taken a back seat to the things that are concerning us now as senior citizens.

The issues concerning us now are not only physical.

They also have a legal background.

I never thought that this would be a reality in my lifetime.

Hence, the demand to have the same rights as heterosexual marriages.

HortyRex©

ERs

DID YOU KNOW?

Let’s face it – most of us don’t get married because of the legal recognition and benefits of the institution. We get married because we love each other and want to express that love. But, like it or not, the federal government uses marital status to determine lots of benefits, rights and privileges that aren’t afforded to those who are prohibited from marrying the person they love. In fact, as of 2004, there were 1,138 such benefits, rights and privileges specifically defining or including marital status as a factor contained within the United States Code.

JenSant

(Jenn and Santos)

HRs

Category 1

Social Security and Related Programs, Housing, and Food Stamps

This category includes the major federal health and welfare programs, particularly those considered entitlements, such as Social Security retirement and disability benefits, food stamps, welfare, and Medicare and Medicaid. Most of these provisions are found in Title 42 of the United States Code, Public Health and Welfare; food stamp legislation is in Title 7, Agriculture.

Category 2

Veterans’ Benefits

Veterans’ benefits, which are codified in Title 38 of the United States Code, include pensions, indemnity compensation for service-connected deaths, medical care, nursing home care, right to burial in veterans’ cemeteries, educational assistance, and housing. Husbands or wives of veterans have many rights and privileges by virtue of the marital relationship.

Category 3

Taxes

While the distinction between married and unmarried status is pervasive in federal tax law, terms such as “husband,” “wife,” or “married” are not defined. However, marital status figures in federal tax law in provisions as basic as those giving married taxpayers the option to file joint or separate income tax returns. It is also seen in the related provisions prescribing different tax consequences, depending on whether a taxpayer is married filing jointly, married filing separately, unmarried but the head of a household, or unmarried and not the head of a household.

Tax

Category 4

Federal Civilian and Military Service Benefits

This category includes statutory provisions dealing with current and retired federal officers and employees, members of the Armed Forces, elected officials, and judges, in which marital status is a factor. Typically these provisions address the various health, leave, retirement, survivor, and insurance benefits provided by the United States to those in federal service and their families.

Category 5

Employment Benefits and Related Statutory Provisions

Marital status comes into play in many different ways in federal laws relating to employment in the private sector. Most provisions appear in Title 29 of the United States Code, Labor. However, others are in Title 30, Mineral Lands and Mining; Title 33, Navigation and Navigable Waters; and Title 45, Railroads. This category includes laws that address the rights of employees under employer-sponsored employee benefit plans; that provide for continuation of employer-sponsored health benefits after events like the death or divorce of the employee; and that give employees the right to unpaid leave in order to care for a seriously ill spouse. In addition, Congress has extended special benefits in connection with certain occupations, like mining and public safety.

Category 6

Immigration, Naturalization, and Aliens

This category includes federal statutory provisions governing the conditions under which non-citizens may enter and remain in the United States, be deported, or become citizens. Most are found in Title 8, Aliens and Nationality. The law gives special consideration to spouses of immigrant and non-immigrant aliens in a wide variety of circumstances. Under immigration law, aliens may receive special status by virtue of their employment, and that treatment may extend to their spouses. Also, spouses of aliens granted asylum can be given the same status if they accompany or join their spouses.

Imm

Category 7

Indians

The indigenous peoples of the United States have long had a special legal relationship with the federal government through treaties and laws that are classified to Title 25, Indians. Various laws set out the rights to tribal property of “white” men marrying “Indian” women, or of “Indian” women marrying “white” men. The law also outlines the descent and distribution rights for Indians’ property. In addition, there are laws pertaining to health care eligibility for Indians and spouses and reimbursement of travel expenses of spouses and candidates seeking positions in the Indian Health Service.

Category 8

Trade, Commerce, and Intellectual Property

This category includes provisions concerning foreign or domestic business and commerce, in the following titles of the United States Code: Bankruptcy, Title 11; Banks and Banking, Title 12; Commerce and Trade, Title 15; Copyrights, Title 17; and Customs Duties, Title 19. This category also includes the National Housing Act (rights of mortgage borrowers); the Consumer Credit Protection Act (governs wage garnishment); and the Copyright Act (spousal copyright renewal and termination rights).

Category 9

Financial Disclosure and Conflict Of Interest

Federal law imposes obligations on members of Congress, employees or officers of the federal government, and members of the boards of directors of some government-related or government chartered entities, to prevent actual or apparent conflicts of interest. These individuals are required to disclose publicly certain gifts, interests, and transactions. Many of these requirements, which are found in 16 different titles of the United States Code, apply also to the individual’s spouse.

Eth

Category 10

Crimes and Family Violence

This category includes laws that implicate marriage in connection with criminal justice or family violence. The nature of these provisions varies greatly. Some deal with spouses as victims of crimes, others with spouses as perpetrators. These laws are found primarily in Title 18, Crimes and Criminal Procedure, but some statutory provisions, dealing with crime prevention and family violence, are in Title 42, Public Health and Welfare.

Category 11

Loans, Guarantees, and Payments in Agriculture

Under many federal loan programs, a spouse’s income, business interests, or assets are taken into account for purposes of determining a person’s eligibility to participate in the program. In other instances, marital status is a factor in determining the amount of federal assistance to which a person is entitled or the repayment schedule. This category includes education loan programs, housing loan programs for veterans, and provisions governing agricultural price supports and loan programs that are affected by the spousal relationship.

Category 12

Federal Natural Resources and Related Statutory Provision

Federal law gives special rights to spouses in connection with a variety of transactions involving federal lands and other federal property. These transactions include purchase and sale of land by the federal government and lease by the government of water and mineral rights.

Nature

Category 13

Miscellaneous Statutory Provisions

This category comprises federal statutory provisions that do not fit readily in any of the other 12 categories. Federal provisions that prohibit discrimination on the basis of marital status are included in this category. This category also includes various patriotic societies chartered in federal law, such as the Veterans of Foreign Wars or the Gold Star Wives of America.

This is why same-sex couples need your help.  

We need equal access to the law in order to protect our families, just like you!  

THIS IS WHAT WE FIGHT FOR … THIS IS WHAT WE DEMAND

NOTHING MORE, NOTHING LESS

BlackBor

“As it appears in …. “

http://dansa.usfreedomring.com/know-your-rights/

~~RELATED~~

http://www.hrc.org/resources/entry/an-overview-of-federal-rights-and-protections-granted-to-married-couples

ERights

As I gathered this information and trolled through the internet, I’ve learned quite a bit. There are so many benefits; much more than the ones I listed on my own.

Here’s my short list:

Social Security benefits

Inheritance tax

Power of attorney

Hospital visitation rights

Medical insurance benefits

Last will and testament

Combined tax returns

Car insurance

Money managing/Finances

Pension benefits

Deed mortgage/Secure loan

I listed eleven benefits … come to find out I had left 1,127 out!

BlackBor

~~GALLERY~~

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BlackBor

#LegallyMarried #LGBTCommunity #EqualRights #HumanRights #LoveIsLove #SocialSecurity #RelatedPrograms #Housing #FoodStamps #VeteransBenefits #Taxes #FederalCivilian #MilitaryServiceBenefits #EmploymentBenefits #RelatedStatutoryProvisions #ImmigrationNaturalizationAliens #NativeAmericans #TradeCommerce #IntellectualProperty #FinancialDisclosure #ConflictOfInterest #Crimes #FamilyViolence #LoansGuarantees #PaymentsAgriculture #FederalNaturalResources #InheritanceTax #PowerOfAttorney #HospitalVisitationRights

#WeAllAreOne #ItIsWhatItIs #DrRex #hrexachwordpress

BlackBor

THIS IS ONE OF MANY EXAMPLES

~~Why the Freedom to Marry Matters~~

~~Published on Jul 9, 2013~~

Maureen Hennessey lived with the love of her life, Mary Beth McIntyre, from 1984 until Mary Beth’s death on May 18, 2013, at the age of 55. Together they raised three children in Philadelphia. While Mary Beth was suffering the physical and emotional pain of end stage cancer, she had the additional burden of worrying about how Maureen would manage financially after she was gone.

Because their marriage is not recognized in Pennsylvania, Maureen must pay a 15 percent inheritance tax on half of their shared property, including their home. And unless their marriage is recognized in Pennsylvania before Maureen turns 65, Maureen will not be eligible to receive Mary Beth’s Social Security benefits.

EqualR

We ALL are ONE!! 

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