The basic laws of human stupidity are ancient. The definitive essay on the subject is younger. Called The Basic Laws of Human Stupidity, it was published in 1976 by an Italian economist.
Professor Carlo M Cipolla taught at several universities in Italy, and for many years at the University of California, Berkeley. He also wrote books and studies about clocks, guns, monetary policy, depressions, faith, reason, and of course – he being an economist – money. His essay about stupidity encompasses all those other topics, and perhaps all of human experience.
Cipolla wrote out the laws in plain language. They are akin to laws of nature – a seemingly basic characteristic of the universe.
~HERE THEY ARE~
Always and inevitably, everyone underestimates the number of stupid individuals in circulation.
The probability that a certain person be stupid is independent of any other characteristic of that person.
A stupid person is a person who causes losses to another person or to a group of persons, while himself deriving no gain and even possibly incurring losses.
Non-stupid people always underestimate the damaging power of stupid individuals. In particular, non-stupid people constantly forget that at all times and places and under any circumstances to deal and/or associate with stupid people always turns out to be a costly mistake.
Sea Shepherd’s Open Letter to SeaWorld: More than Bigger Tanks, Orcas Need the Ocean
Your stocks are dropping by the day. You’re bleeding financially in the wake of the powerful documentary “Blackfish” and, more importantly, the public’s growing realization that confining intelligent cetaceans to cruel and small tanks and forcing them to perform is just plain wrong. As the backlash continues, there is a better move forward – and a better use of your money – than your plan to spend hundreds of millions of dollars to build bigger orca tanks.
As a company responsible for the care of animals, with any steps that you take, you should be asking yourselves “Would this change be better for the animals? Would they want this,” as Sea Shepherd’s Founder Captain Paul Watson says. Yes, bigger tanks, giving these massive orcas more room to swim, would undoubtedly be an improvement in their lives. If they had the ability to speak for themselves in our own human languages, the orcas would most likely say that they agree, if that were their only option.
However, we are sure that – more than the tanks they’re in now, more than any bigger tank that you could possibly build – these whales would want the ocean. They want the life they were meant to have or a life as close as possible to their natural lives. Why would they not want a habitat more like their rightful ocean home? And what sort of tiny holding tanks will they be confined to for months on end while these larger tanks are being built?
As you plan to build these bigger tanks, please keep in mind the massive shift in public opinion that continues as more and more people pledge to stop supporting the marine mammal aquarium industry – which fuels the capture of wild cetaceans around the globe and the slaughter of dolphins in Taiji, Japan. Please be aware that your colleagues at the National Aquarium in Baltimore, MD are considering closing their dolphin exhibit and relocating their remaining captive dolphins to sea pens in response to that public opinion and concerns for the animals’ wellbeing. You too have an opportunity to move forward and do what is right for the animals in your care, while also setting a precedent and an example as one of the largest marine park companies in the industry.
Please also consider, as you plan to soon start the tank upgrades at your San Diego park, that proposed legislation in California is seeking to ban orca shows, and ultimately, orca captivity in the state. The Vancouver Park Board recently voted to ban the breeding of most whales and dolphins at the Vancouver Aquarium, and more examples like this will follow. The times they are changing, and you simply must adopt a new business model to change with them.
Will SeaWorld sink or swim?
Sea Shepherd urges you to make the only logical, compassionate and appropriate choice — relocate the orcas in your parks to sea pens. While larger tanks would be a small improvement in the everyday lives of the orcas in your parks, there is a better choice. Sea pens would allow these whales the chance to live their lives in relative peace – no more concrete cells, no more forced performances amidst large crowds and loud music. Imagine them with more room to stretch their massive bodies, the chance to finally feel the currents of the sea, and to live in unchlorinated ocean water.
Once and for all, it is time for you to stop asking, “What will increase our profits?” and instead ask, “What is best for the whales?”
Established in 1977, Sea Shepherd Conservation Society (SSCS) is an international non-profit,marine wildlife conservation organization whose mission is to end the destruction of habitat and slaughter of wildlife in the world’s oceans in order to conserve and protect ecosystems and species. Sea Shepherd uses innovative direct-action tactics to investigate, document, and take action when necessary to expose and confront illegal activities on the high seas. By safeguarding the biodiversity of our delicately-balanced ocean ecosystems, Sea Shepherd works to ensure their survival for future generations.
Truth is most often used to mean being in accord with fact or reality, or fidelity to an original or to a standard or ideal.
The commonly understood opposite of truth is falsehood, which, correspondingly, can also take on a logical, factual, or ethical meaning. The concept of truth is discussed and debated in several contexts, including philosophy and religion. Many human activities depend upon the concept, where its nature as a concept is assumed rather than being a subject of discussion; these include most (but not all) of the sciences, law, and everyday life.
Various theories and views of truth continue to be debated among scholars, philosophers, and theologians. Language and words are a means by which humans convey information to one another and the method used to determine what is a “truth” is termed a criterion of truth. There are differing claims on such questions as what constitutes truth: what things are truth-bearers capable of being true or false; how to define and identify truth; the roles that faith-based and empirically based knowledge play; and whether truth is subjective or objective, relative or absolute.