Malcolm X (May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965), born Malcolm Little and also known as el-Hajj Malik el-Shabazz, was an American Muslim minister and human rights activist.
To his admirers he was a courageous advocate for the rights of blacks, a man who indicted white America in the harshest terms for its crimes against black Americans; detractors accused him of preaching racism and violence.
He has been called one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history.
Malcolm X has been described as one of the greatest and most influential African Americans in history. He is credited with raising the self-esteem of black Americans and reconnecting them with their African heritage.
He is largely responsible for the spread of Islam in the black community in the United States. Many African Americans, especially those who lived in cities in the Northern and Western United States, felt that Malcolm X articulated their complaints concerning inequality better than did the mainstream civil rights movement.
One biographer says that by giving expression to their frustration, Malcolm X “made clear the price that white America would have to pay if it did not accede to black America’s legitimate demands.”
Puerto Rico’s Alexandra Lúgaro, First Independent Candidate for Governor
Alexandra Lúgaro wants to change things in Puerto Rico and break free from the shackles of a dysfunctional two-party system that has brought the island to its knees.
Lúgaro, a 33-year-old attorney and businesswoman, is running as the first independent for governor of Puerto Rico. The candidate’s lack of party affiliation places her outside the political circles, but she aims to inject new life, hopes, and ideas into the territory’s government.
Born into a family that struggled economically, Lúgaro credits education for her success, saying it offered her the tools to improve herself. She went on to earn a Bachelor’s Degree in Business Administration at the University of Puerto Rico and later a Juris Doctor at the same school. She then earned a Master’s in Laws, LLM from the Universidad Complutense de Madrid and is currently finishing her Doctorate in Tax Reform at the same.
Currently, Puerto Rico is going through the worst fiscal crisis in its history. We owe 73 billion dollars to our lenders and we are not generating enough revenue to pay them back, while continuing to provide public services to our people.
To this day, the United States controls all of Puerto Rico’s foreign relations, customs, immigration, postal system, communications, radio, television, commerce, transportation, social security, military service, maritime laws, banks, currency, judiciary, tariffs, trade relations, shipping industry and cabotage rights, yet shockingly they continue to avoid their responsibility over Puerto Rico’s fiscal crisis.
We know where we have failed, but we are willing to make it right.
We’re just requesting the same from the U.S. Government:
1. Derogate the Jones Act to allow non-American ships to carry goods between Puerto Rico and the U.S. mainland in order to lower Puerto Rico’s shipping costs and give us a real chance of competing in the world economy.
2. Enact for Puerto Rico a Visa Waiver Program similar to the one extended to Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands, in order for us to be able to attract visitors, doctors and students from Central and South America, jump starting our tourism industry and being able to compete with neighboring islands.
3. Take an active role in solving our financial crisis, working with our government to define a strategy that will help us meet our responsibility with bond holders and develop a healthy and sustainable economy.
President Barack Obama and Members of Congress:
We’re not asking you for money or for pity, we’re just asking you to assume your responsibility and help us get back on our feet.